Distributed in the North-east Atlantic mainly from the North Sea to the West Africa. Also present in the Mediterranean Sea.
Coastal pelagic-neritic species found in the depth range 10-100 m. It forms schools rising in depth at night. Its diet consists mainly on planktonic crustaceans.
Caught mainly with purse-seiners and to a lesser extent by pelagic trawlers, beach seines and gill nets.
DID YOU KNOW
Like other small fish, the sardine forms schools that move in unison. This is both a strategy of defense against predators and of saving energy when swimming.